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Understanding Paralysis: Causes, Types, & Symptoms

A state of your body when you cannot move because your brain cannot render any function is paralysis.

It can be permanent or temporary, leaving you in a state of physical and financial distress. For immediate relief, medical care is essential, but for longer results and better recovery, physiotherapy for paralysis can bring permanent relief.

Over the years, therapists have strongly recommended physiotherapy for paralysis patients as it leaves their body with better functioning.

What Causes Paralysis?

Paralysis is commonly caused by loss of muscle function in the body. The person suffering might take time to recover, depending on the treatment.

However, physiotherapy for paralysis patients can be beneficial as it treats the muscles and addresses the root cause of the weakness in the body.

“Take care of your body; it is the only place you have to live”-Jim Rohn.

Before you understand paralysis physiotherapy treatment, it is wise to understand the cause of paralysis. It might help you avert the case.

Some of the common reasons that can affect anyone with paralysis include:

  • Damage to the nervous system, most likely in the spinal cord or brain, blocks the communication between the brain and the body part, leading to paralysis.
  • Among other reasons are multiple sclerosis, stroke, cerebral palsy, and certain infections (e.g., polio) that can leave you with body paralysis.
  • Tumours that affect the nervous system and conditions like Guillain-Barré syndrome are also probable causes of paralysis.

Illnesses like paralysis are not in anyone’s control but what a patient can do is choose physiotherapy for paralysis for speedy recovery.

Paralysis physiotherapy treatment improves muscle strength and enhances blood circulation. It reduces the risk of complications, including pressure sores and joints.

Let us now look at the types of paralysis.

Types of Paralysis

When paralysis affects your body, people suffering tend to regain the strength to move their muscles. In this case, it becomes a temporary paralysis.

To understand the type of the paralysis, read further:

1. Complete Paralysis:

When any individual loses total muscle function in one or more body parts, it becomes a state of complete paralysis. Such individuals cannot move or feel the affected parts.

Complete paralysis can arise due to severe injuries to the spinal cord or brain. Other issues can be a stroke or a traumatic brain injury. 

Paralysis physiotherapy treatment stimulates the nerves and muscles. It further promotes neuroplasticity, which aids in regaining partial movement. 

Physiotherapy Paralysis Treatment also helps to prevent secondary complications and enhance overall quality of life. 

2. Temporary Paralysis:

It is a reversible condition in which muscle function is lost for some time but can be recovered.

Some conditions like nerve compression or mini-stroke can result in temporarily paralysing one’s body.

One such condition example is that of Bell’s palsy. It indicates temporary paralysis in one side of the face, which can be resolved after treatment. 

Paralysis physiotherapy treatment helps a patient to get back to normal faster. It is the will-power, physiotherapy paralysis treatment, and good diet that makes recovery graph faster. 

3. Localised Paralysis:

When one limb area or a body part suffers paralysis due to nerve damage, it is called localised paralysis. 

A carpal tunnel syndrome that affects the hand is an example of localised paralysis. Similarly, a person may have localised paralysis in one leg following a nerve injury or stroke.

4. Generalised Paralysis:

When multiple body parts are paralysed due to muscle weakness it is generalised paralysis. Guillain-Barré syndrome involves the body’s immune system affecting the peripheral nerves, which can cause generalised paralysis.

When an individual suffering from Guillain-Barré syndrome starts to feel weakness in their feet and legs, it can also spread to the upper body and arms. And this can be a case of generalised paralysis.

5. Spastic Paralysis:

A state of the body which is characterized by rigid muscles can be spastic paralysis. It can happen due to brain or spinal cord damage. This condition affects the motor pathways. Any individual who has an increased muscle tone, along with uncontrolled muscle contractions, leads to spastic paralysis.

6. Flaccid Paralysis:

When the muscles in your body have no voluntary movement because they limp and lose firmness, it is flaccid paralysis. It arises when the lower motor neurons are damaged due to spinal injuries. One case of flaccid paralysis could be of an individual who has polio. Their muscles are weak and are not able to contract.

Weak muscles can regain strength with physiotherapy paralysis treatment. With the proper care, you get better.

For treating any kind of paralysis, you must google a “physiotherapist for paralysis near me” to get immediate service access.

Symptoms of Paralysis

Some of the symptoms of paralysis include:

1. Muscle Weakness

As paralysis worsens, you may lose the ability to move specific muscles. This loss may be limited or more widespread. This is why the individuals must be provided with physiotherapy for paralysis patient.

2. Numbness or Tingling

If an individual feels tingly or numb in the affected body areas, it might be a case of paralysis. And the sensation might vary from mild to severe.

3. Loss of Sensation

The suffering patient might also feel a complete loss of sensation in the affected area. Ultimately, the person may find perceiving pain, warmth, and touch difficult. In such a case, gradually physiotherapy for paralysis will bring a lot of change. 

4. Difficulty with Motor Skills

After paralysis in the body, the individual might find it challenging to complete the task. This can include essential functions like walking and writing to more sophisticated movements.

If an individual identifies such symptoms in the body, the family must immediately take them for a test. And the sooner they start with physiotherapy for paralysis patients, the better it is.  

What Should You Do Immediately To Treat Paralysis?

As we mentioned above, visiting a doctor is advisable for immediate relief. 

Some of the tests that your doctor might ask you to take include:

  • MRI or CT scan determines the damage to your brain or spinal cord.
  • Spinal tap, in which an injection will be inserted to sap the liquid from your spinal cord. It will help the doctor test for some infection or inflammation.
  • A myelogram is to get a detailed picture of the spinal cord. A dye will be injected to trace the reason for paralysis.
  • An electromyogram checks for electric activity in the muscles and nerves.

Once the test confirms the paralysis, the course of the treatment starts. Besides medicines, physiotherapy paralysis treatment is also better as it helps restore mobility and functions.


Paralysis can be painful as it leaves the patient and their family in distress. But just being in stress won’t help. Physiotherapy for paralysis patients is the reliable solution which they can trust.

Paralysis physiotherapy treatment can bring a ray of hope for quick recovery. You only need to Google a “physiotherapist for paralysis near me”. You will get results from practitioners who can visit your home and give you services.

But if you are in East Delhi, you can book a call with the experts at AlignBody. The medical practitioners offer physiotherapy For paralysis after understanding the root cause of the problem. 

Our healthcare service providers take part in patients’ journeys, leading them towards a better future. Book an Appointment at our website and connect with our experts. 

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